Runnable vs Callable interface in Java Multi-threading with example

Nikhiljain08 December 29, 2017
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Runnable-vs-Callable-Interface

Today, we are going to discuss about Java Multi-thread interfaces, Runnable interface and Callable interface. Basically, a multi-threaded program contains two or more parts that can run concurrently and each part can handle a different task at the same time making optimal use of the available resources specially when your computer has multiple CPUs.

Multi-threading in java can be implemented using Thread class or Runnable/Callable interfaces. Today, we discuss about how to implement Runnable interface as well as Callable interface in Java Multi-threading and basic difference between them.

Let’s start with Runnable interface implementation in Java.

Runnable Interface:

The Runnable interface should be implemented by any class whose instances are intended to be executed by a thread. The class must define a method of no arguments called run.

Example:

 

Callable Interface:

A task that returns a result and may throw an exception. Implementors define a single method with no arguments called call.
The Callable interface is similar to Runnable, in that both are designed for classes whose instances are potentially executed by another thread. A Runnable, however, does not return a result and cannot throw a checked exception.

Example:

 

Runnable Vs Callable

 

Runnable Interface Callable Interface
Runnable needs to implement run() method A Callable needs to implement call() method
A Runnable cannot return a value A Callable can return a value
A Runnable cannot throw checked exception A Callable can throw checked exception
The Runnable interface has been around since Java 1.0 The Callable was only introduced in Java 1.5
Category: Java
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